What does the word “bibliography” mean? Overall, it is a scientific discipline dealing with the description, systematization and accounting of books, and nonfiction books, articles, theses, and so on. Bibliography in the simple definition is all the works involved in a written project.
What is the bibliography we are interested in?
When writing articles, books or academic papers you face the need to compile a bibliography.
Any bibliography entry should obligatory include:
· Information about publication;
Bibliography can be alphabetical, chronological, systematic or executed as it was first mentioned. In the small paper it is most convenient to use an alphabetical list. Wanting to show the process in development, choose a chronological order. To show the connection of the investigated problem with the various branches of science, systematic list is more preferable. List in order of first mention can only be used in very small works.
When you choose alphabetical order, first place the authors alphabetically or titles of collective publications or those when the writer is not specified.
In chronological list, distribute the literature on the year. Sources published in one year, are provided in alphabetical order.
To make a systematic bibliography, create a card of disciplines to which the matter relates. At the beginning, make a separate list of relevant sources to all sections. Within each section alphabetical list is applied.
Through numbering is applied everywhere.
In compiling the bibliography you should compulsory to follow one of three basic standards set by the following organizations and documents: the American Psychological Association (APA) for scientific papers, the Modern Language Association (mla) to literary texts, and the Chicago Manual Style for books and magazines.
In APA format it looks in chronological way, beginning with the one that is the earliest. The full name is given.
In MLA or Chicago styles, the entries are presented in alphabetical order. The authors name is given only in the initial entry, then you replace it with 3 hyphens.
But every educational establishment has its particular requirements how the bibliography should look like, what’s its format. They can also provide annotated bibliography format example.
What is an annotated bibliography?
This is a list of works, where every entry is supplied with a paragraph describing it. An annotated bibliography informs about the accuracy and quality of the sources quoted. The distinction between a simple bibliography and bibliography with annotations is that the first type contains only a list of works, and the second one a summary or evaluation. Working on an annotated bibliography helps you find useful material for your research project.
The main aim of a bibliography is to provide credit to the writers whose works were used in your paper. But there is one more aim: to help your readers find the papers used.
A good bibliography means a good grade as it shows a breadth of research. Start the bibliography from a new page and every entry goes on a detached line. The entries are usually made in a hanging indent style, meaning that the initial line is not indented.
As there are different formats to quote the sources applied in the research papers, there are various styles to make bibliographies. They are often also called as “references” or “works cited”.