1. Where Are Your Citations From?
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The best way to avoid plagiarism is to understand what it is. Then take steps to avoid committing either accidental or intentional plagiarism. Accidental plagiarism usually occurs because we do not understand the cultural conventions of academic writing and citation. In most western countries, and certainly in the United States, there is a very real sense that writers own their ideas and the words they use to express those ideas.
There are two important factors that must be understood in order to understand American concepts of plagiarism. First, in the English-speaking world, people believe that ideas and written expressions of ideas can be owned. When an author writes down a particular set of words and phrases expressing a specific idea, this author in effect owns those words and that idea. Therefore to use these words without giving the author credit is to steal them. This is very different, for example, from the Chinese idea that words and ideas belong to the culture and the society and should be shared by all individuals. Second, Americans believe that writing is a visible, concrete demonstration of a writer’s knowledge, insight, and academic skill. Thus, to represent another person’s writing as your own is to misrepresent your own accomplishments. This is a type of fraud or deception. Avoiding plagiarism is rather easy proper citation of a source used will prevent you from above mentioned fraud. Free citation machine is designed for range of styles (APSA, APA, Harvard, etc.).
Use this format for a chapter in an edited book, where the contents page shows that the chapters have been written by several different people. This format can also apply to a chapter written by the editor(s), and an introduction or a forward written by a different person from the editor(s).
Some edited books consist of material previously published elsewhere, e.g. in journals, magazines, newspapers. Ignore this, and follow the template below. You have to reference what you have seen, and not the previous publication, which you cannot be sure was not different.
Don’t panic if you see several dates inside the book. The date you need to use is the one which matches the edition of the book that you’re using. Ignore any dates that are just listed as reprints or impressions. Look on the book cover and see if it says e.g. Fourth edition (it should also say this on the title page inside the book). Search for the book on the library catalog to check the details needed for the reference if you are unsure.
For creating a proper Turabian edited book citation use Turabian citation generator. Collect followed elements:
Use this format if you want to reference a chapter in an edited book in Moodle which is a copyright-cleared digital scan of the print version. Include [Scan from Moodle] to indicate the format. If you access a book or e-book via a link in Moodle, reference these sources in the usual way. For farther information you may consult Turabian citation guide.