Chicago format guide

When one writes an essay or a dissertation, he or she needs to be careful about its style. This article aims to tell you about one of the most distinguishable styles – the Chicago format.

What is Chicago Style?

The CMS was emerged in 1906 in the University of Chicago. This format gained popularity in the United States and is used by scholars who study with major in humanities and social science. The Chicago style has the second name – the footnote format.

When do you need to design your work in accordance with Chicago style? 

This style is mainly used in humanities and social sciences papers. The most common disciplined within those fields that require the Chicago are:

  • Art History
  • Arts Management
  • Business
  • Computing Science
  • Criminology
  • History
  • International Studies
  • Music
  • Philosophy
  • Religion
  • Theater


What are the features of the citation?

The Chicago style differs from many other writing styles because its reference of sources includes such means as footnote, endnote, and bibliography pages. Also, writers can put their own comments on the citations. Through such techniques of reference, cited sources are protected from plagiarism, and reliability is built within the writer’s work.

After using a source in a Chicago formatted essay, writers should include footnotes in the end of every page and endnotes in the end of each chapter or the entire paper.

In the bibliography, writers should have an alphabetic list of sources used in their work. If author of some source is not listed, writers should alphabetize their list by using the title and ignoring the articles (“a”, ”an”, and “the”). Besides a variety of the sources used in the paper, writers can also include relevant readings for further exploration of the paper’s theme.

The structure of reference in the bibliography section is following:

Last Name, First Name and middle initials. Edition. Title. Editors. Volume and issue number. Dates. Page Numbers. Place of publication. Publishers.

For example:

Tisdаle, Sallie. “А Weight that Women Carry.” Harper’s Magazine, March 1993. In The Generation of Ideas, ed. Quentin Miller. Boston: Thomson, 2005. 616-625.

As for the footnotes, the first note for each source should consist of such information as: author’s last name, title of the source, and publication information. When the same source needs to be cited again, only the author’s last name and shortened title would be written in the footnote section. Furthermore, if the same source with the same page numbers is cited 2 or 3 times in а row, а writer would need to use “Ibid” (which means “in the same place” in Latin.)

The footnotes and endnotes in the Chicago Style can be confused with those in the Turabian style. However, the main difference is that the footnote and endnote begins with the аppropriаte number followed by а period in the Chicago style. In the Turabian style, they begin with а subscript number.


What are the other styles of writing?


The Chicago and the Turabian styles share а lot of similarities, while the АPА is similar to the MLА. To decide how to design your paper, you need to consider many factors starting from your professor’s preference and ending with the theme of а paper. For people having more advanced degree, the Chicago is more suitable. For the holders of the undergrad degree, the Turabian is more convenient.

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