Chicago encyclopedia citations
You need to cite all sources like image, video, online articles that you have consulted even if you present the ideas from these source in your own words. Copywrite law and courtesy to readers require authors to identify the sources of direct quotations and of any facts or opinions not generally known or easily checked. The primer criterion of any source citation is sufficient information to lead readers directly to the sources consulted whether they are published or unpublished in printed or electronic form.
To cite such source as encyclopedia within citation machine, we recommend the following bibliographic format, which you may need to adapt to meet the style requirements of the publication for which you are writing.
Typically, users read the current ‘active’ version of each entry. This is the version you reach directly from our main Table of Contents. However, because Encyclopedia entries are subject to periodic revision, it is more appropriate to cite one of the ‘archived’ versions of the entry. When you quote from an entry, it is particularly important to cite an archived version, for otherwise the passage you cite might disappear from the active version of the entry. Be sure to verify that the passage you are quoting matches what is in the archived version. For some scholarly purposes, it might be important to cite the earliest version in our Archives that matches the current version.
Footnote and endnote citations for encyclopedias differ from book citations. Here is the general construction of an encyclopedia citation in a footnote or endnote according to Chicago citation guidelines:
- The elements of the citation are separated by commas.
- If the entries in the encyclopedia you are citing have signed authors, you can include the name of the author in your citation, though doing so is not necessary (in fact the Manual seems to discourage this, as they do not provide a good example of an authored entry as a footnote or endnote). If you do include an author’s name, treat the title of the entry as you would an article title or book chapter title – put it in quotation marks.
- The title of the encyclopedia is italicized;
- The edition of the encyclopedia must be specified following the title;
- The title of the encyclopedia entry follows the letters “s.v.” The title of the encyclopedia entry is “put in quotation marks.”;
- Publication information beyond the name of the encyclopedia, its edition number, and the title of the entry is not necessary. You can include this information (in parentheses, similar to a regular book citation) if you believe it useful for identifying the encyclopedia you are citing, but it is not necessary;
- A publication date or last revision date is necessary if you are citing an online encyclopedia (either through the library’s digital resources or from the free Internet). If there is no publication date or last revision date, include the date you accessed the encyclopedia entry;
- If available, include a Web address or Digital Object Identifier for the encyclopedia entry.
To facilitate such time and labor-consuming process you may collect followed elements on source to create Chicago encyclopedia citation within Chicago citation generator:
- Website address;
- Entry in a dictionary/encyclopedia;
- Accessed day;
- Accessed month;
- Accessed year.