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APSA Style Citations Maker

APSA or American Political Science Association Citations or APSA References are research citations that are used to show the mention of already published work in a new essay, research paper or study. The citation system is used in all the papers submitted by the APSA.

The APSA citation uses a parenthetical system. It means that there are an In-Text citation and reference list in the alphabetical order at the end. It can be either generated manually or with the help of APSA style citation generator available online.

How To APSA Citation?

While any APSA citation machine available online keeps itself abreast with the latest APSA guidelines, it is essential to know the quoting style of APSA to keep any error at bay.

An APSA citation involves two or three components. It includes the name of the author, the publication year and it often shows the page number which helps the readers find the theory, data or information that has been contributed to the paper.

Whether you are using an APSA style citation generator or undertaking the task manually, the citation is always made in brackets. However, there is an exception. When the author’s name has already been mentioned in the sentence, only the publication year and page numbers are shown in the bracket exactly after the name of the author.

For Example

According to Stephen (2008,34)…

Each citation relates to a full reference that can be found at the end of the paper either in reference list or bibliography.

Reference List Quoting Style and Examples

Though the American Political Science Association citation generators automatically generate the quoting style. Nevertheless, it is quite important to have a brief idea about them.

  • In the Case of Books

One Author

Quoting Style

Last Name, First Name. Year of Publication. The title of the Book. Place of Publication:Publisher.

Martin. Robert. 2005. From the Dark Shadows. Washington DC:Fairytales.

Two Authors

Quoting Style

Last Name of the First Author, First Name of the first Author, and First Name Last Name of the Second Author. Year. Title. Ed. no. Place of Publication: Publisher.


Raymond, Mitchell, and John David. 1993. The Business Mantras. 2nd ed. New York:Simon & Schuster.

Edited Collection

Quoting Style

Last Name of the Author, First Name of the Author, ed. Year. The title of the Book. Publication Place: Publishing Hous


Raymond, Mitchell, eds. 2006. Developing a Robust Business Model. Washington DC: Routledge.

  • In the case of Government Documents and Laws

If a portion of the text has been procured from the government documents and laws, proper referencing should be mentioned either manually or with the help of an APSA style citation generator.

Executive Department Document

Quoting Style

Corporate Author. Year of the Publication. Title. Place of Publication: Publisher.


USA Department of Trade and Commerce. 2011. Statistical Abstract of Trade. New York: Department of Trade and Commerce.

Legal Reference

Quoting Style

Case. Year. Volume Source. Page on which case begins (District in any lower federal court)


Leonard v. Schmidt. 1983.  558F. (E.D. Washington.)

Law or Statute

Quoting Style

Name of Law. Year. U.S. Code or Statutes at Large. Vol. no., sec. no., page number


Administrative Procedure Act. 1946. Statutes at Large. Vol. 59, sec. 09, p. 236


Quoting Style

Corporate Author. Year. Treaty Name, Day Month. Treaty Series (e.g. TIAS no.). US Treaties and Other

International Agreements, vol. #, pt. #.


U.S. Department of State. 1963. Trade and Commerce by Air, 7 August. TIAS no. 2388. U.S. Treaties and

Other International Agreements, vol. 10, pt. 4.

Technical Reports

Quoting Style

Last Name, First Name. Year. Title. Place of Publication: Publisher. NTIS or ERIC no. (if available).


Pitt, Leonard. 1985. How Valid is the Credibility Score? Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University. ERIC, ED 179-182

  • In the Case of Periodicals

Periodicals too can be quoted easily either automatically using APSA citation generator or manually. This is how the citation for the periodicals can be mentioned in the reference list.

Journal Article [One Author]

Quoting Style

Last Name of the Author, First Name of the Author. Year. “Title.” Journal Title vol. # (month, season, or issue no.): page numbers


David, John. 1999. “Model of Presidential Elections.” US Political Science vol. 4 (october): 28-33

Magazine Article

Quoting Style

Last Name, First Name. Year. “Article Title.” Magazine Title, Month (and day for a weekly or biweekly

magazine), page numbers.


Russwell, Leonard. 2015. “The Fashion Fiesta.” Fashion Everyday, November, 15-17.

  • In the case of Electronic Resources

If a portion of the research paper or essay has been procured from either an E-Book, DVD-Rom, Floppy Disk, Social Media Platforms or a website, giving citation is necessary. Here’s how an APSA citation generator lists down the citation in the reference list

Journal Article From a Database

Quoting Style

Last Name of the Author. First Name of the Author. Year. “Title of the Article.” Journal Title vol. no. (issue no.). Name of Database (Date of Access).


William, Susan. 1995. “A Look at the Growing Corporate World.” Business and Growth 32 (2). Project Economy. (Accessed January 5, 2001)

Document from a Website

Quoting Style

Last Name of the Author. First Name of the Author. Year. “Title of the Work.” The title of Complete Work (if any or applicable). Month Day. URL address (Date of Last Access).


Wittenberg. Michael. 1995. “Statistical Analysis of the Economy.” October 23. http://www.printandpublispaper/shprint.html (July 23, 2015)

Wrapping Up

One of the most efficient referencing systems, APSA citation saves the authors from submitting plagiarized content and citing text or theories in the most detailed manner possible. Also, it makes it quite easy for the readers to locate the procured text or contribution of another author in the essay.

While American Political Science Association keeps the authors updated on the latest APSA guide, there are APSA citation generators that stay abreast with recent guidelines of citations laid down by APSA.