1. Where your citations are from?
Citation Machine supports MLA, APA, Chicago, and Turabian formats
Edit information, create, copy and past a citation for your works
Our site is simple and free. Add it to your social bookmarks to quickly return
The Turabian Style Guide, a form of modified Chicago Style originally intended for dissertations, was originally designed by Kate L.Turabian, the University of Chicago’s dissertations secretary from the 1930s through the 1950s. Turabian, which comes in bibliography and author-date styles, is used in the humanities as well as social and natural sciences.
There are two basic characteristic of Turabian documentation systems: notes-bibliography style (or simply bibliography style) and author-date style (sometimes called reference list style). These styles are essentially the same as those presented in The Chicago Manual of Style, sixteenth edition, with slight modifications for the needs of student writers, you may also check Chicago citation guide.
Bibliography style is used widely in literature, history, and the arts. This style presents bibliographic information in footnotes or endnotes and, usually, a bibliography.
The more concise author-date style has long been used in the physical, natural, and social sciences. In this system, sources are briefly cited in parentheses in the text by author’s last name and date of publication. The parenthetical citations are amplified in a list of references, where full bibliographic information is provided.
Aside from the use of notes versus parenthetical references in the text, the two systems share a similar style. For a more detailed description of the styles and numerous specific examples, see chapters 16 and 17 of the 8th edition of Turabian for bibliography style and chapters 18 and 19 for author-date style, you may also consult Turabian citation guide. If you are uncertain which style to use in a paper, consult your instructor.
Please note, that whenever you refer to or use another’s words, facts or ideas in your paper, you are required to cite the source. Traditionally, disciplines in the humanities (art, history, music, religion, theology) require the use of bibliographic footnotes or endnotes in conjunction with a bibliography to cite sources used in research papers and dissertations. For the parenthetical reference (author-date) system (commonly used in the sciences and social sciences), please refer to the separate guide Turabian Parenthetical/Reference List Style.
Indicate notes in the text of your paper by using consecutive superscript numbers (as demonstrated below). The actual note is indented and can occur either as a footnote at the bottom of the page or as an endnote at the end of the paper. To create notes, type the note number followed by a period on the same line as the note itself. This method should always be used for endnotes; it is the preferred method for footnotes. However, superscript numbers are acceptable for footnotes, and many word processing programs can generate footnotes with superscript numbers for you. Free citation machine provides service for footnotes generation in Turabian style for work accomplished in Turabian format.