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An important part of the research process is compiling a bibliography – a list of sources consulted – and citing those sources. The main reason for citing sources is to give credit to the authors whose ideas you have used in your research paper. Citing your sources also allows readers of your work to build on your research by finding the sources to which you’ve referred. Finally, if you don’t cite the sources upon which your research is based, you will be guilty of the most ignoble academic sin – plagiarism. To avoid objectionable consequences and to facilitate the referencing process use free citation machine available for any format.
This CSE reference guide summarizes rules set out by the Council of Science Editors (CSE) in Scientific Style and Format, sometimes known as the “CSE style manual”. In addition to providing formatting rules, it serves as a guideline for consistency among references and their in-text citations. CSE provides a choice of three systems for citing references within a text: Citation-Sequence, Citation-Name, and Name-Year. This guide uses the Name-Year system, in which in-text citations provide the author names and year of publication to identify the sources. It is usually used to cite sources like newspapers, journals, journal articles, books etc.
The citations in the text of an essay correspond to items on a list called references.
In the following examples, you will see that the citation-sequence and citation-name formats call for listing the date after the publisher’s name in references for books and after the periodical name in references for articles. The name-year format calls for listing the date immediately after the author’s name in any kind of reference.
CSE style also specifies the treatment and placement of the following basic elements:
Because CSE does not provide guidelines for citing an article from an online database, this model has been adapted from CSE guidelines for citing a magazine article. For citing a CSE magazine article from online database within CSE / CBE citation generator it is required to collect followed elements: